Commercial Scale Plants
CRI provides technology solutions on a commercial scale to turn waste into value with our Emissions-to-Liquids technology.
Our technology can be used in two main types of projects. When renewable sources of electricity are available, we provide equipment which produces hydrogen from water and converts hydrogen and carbon dioxide into renewable methanol. When gas rich in hydrogen is available, such as from chlor-alkali production, or coking-gas from steel manufacturing, we can provide equipment which produces low carbon intensity methanol with the same method, but substitutes hydrogen production with hydrogen capture and purification. Under normal circumstances a carbon capture system is included in the scope of the methanol plant, unless a pure stream of CO2 is already available.
CRI will provide the system on a turn-key basis, including all major systems such as electrolysis or hydrogen capture (PSA), carbon capture, compression, catalysis and distillation. The systems are built under our supervision by our partners, with all engineering, system integration and commissioning to be provided by CRI. We provide software for the control and automation of the plant, train operators and implement safety and maintenance systems. The client retains a license for the operation of the plant and CRI will also provide a long term service contract.
In 2015 at the COP21 meetings in Paris, members of the United Nations strengthened commitments to reduce CO2 emissions drastically by the middle of this century. Releasing CO2 emissions will become more expensive as the European Trading Scheme and other similar cap and trade schemes which have been implemented mature. Technology provided by CRI for carbon capture and utilisation (CCU) will be valuable as it helps to meet emission standards and monetise the CO2 captured. Markets for renewable fuels, which are either created by mandatory blending limits, CO2 reduction limits or tax incentives already support a premium value for lower carbon intensity methanol.
The EU Renewable Energy Directive and Fuel Quality Directive classify renewable methanol from non-biological sources as an advanced renewable fuel. As the world searches for scalable and sustainable solutions to the problem of decarbonising transport, CRI’s production technology can enable rapid and sustainable growth of renewable liquid fuels. Broadening of the concept of renewable fuels to include all low carbon intensity sources of energy, for example byproduct hydrogen from industry, will also support the expansion of this market and raise the value of the technology and its application.
Renewable methanol can be a sustainable source of fuel for Iceland, but the technology has a much wider application in Europe, North America, China and elsewhere. CRI is actively planning projects with multiple partners. A standard plant will be 10 times larger than the unit in operation in Iceland, with a capacity to make 50.000 tons of methanol per year, sufficient fuel for a fleet of tens of thousands of vehicles which leave virtually no net carbon emissions.
The properties of methanol, which is a clean burning fuel, with high octane will also enable the production of highly efficient and light combustion engines for both private cars, trucks and buses. Unlimited range, rapid charging at traditional fuel station, coupled with lower cost of building cars with combustion engines will support a growing market for vehicles which can operate on methanol in different blends with gasoline. Methanol can also be used to make synthetic gasoline or fuels such as dimethyl ether which can be used by diesel engines, with high efficiency of conversion.
Future applications, already under development, include range extension for electric vehicles, where methanol is used in a fuel cell to charge the vehicle while in operation.